Dr. Arbenita Sopaj points out that the global order becomes even more volatile if the trilateral partnership materializes among Russia , North Korea and China. (16/10/2023)


Dr. Arbenita Sopaj asserts in her article published by the Institute for Security and Development Policy on 16 October 2023 that Putin is cognizant of the fact that if he attempts to end the war in Ukraine, he will face a trial. Therefore, he pursues ultimate victory, even if it entails negative consequences for him and his people in the long run, and that includes the potential use of nuclear weapons. If the trilateral partnership materializes among the three nations, i.e., Russia, North Korea, and China, the global order becomes even more volatile as all three possess nuclear arsenals and adhere to communist ideologies, factors that should prompt Western allies to take proactive measures. Please see her full analysis by clicking the Link: In For the Long Haul: Kim’s Meeting with Putin Amid Ukraine War – Institute for Security and Development Policy (isdp.eu)


Professor Zhang Guihong explains the Chinese position on UN Security Council reform.


China advocates (1) More developing countries should be represented in the council; (2) more countries, especially small- and medium-sized states, should have greater opportunities to serve on a rotating basis and participate in decision-making; (3) Security Council reform should adhere to the principle of geographic balance, ensuring representation of “different cultures and civilizations”; (4) all regional groupings should agree on reform proposals that concern their respective regions; and (5) any consensus on reform should reflect full democratic deliberations, as is consistent with the UN Charter. China is against adding any permanent members to the Security Council. Please click here for full text.


Suggestion for UN Reform and Strengthening


On May 17, 2023, ETO Seishiro, Chairman of the Liberal Democratic Party’s United Nations Reform Examination Committee, requested Prime Minister KISHIDA, Chairman of the G7 summit of developed countries, to recommend UN reform. Members of the committee accompanied him. Prime Minister KISHIDA said he would work with President Biden to strengthen the functions of the United Nations, especially the reform of the Security Council and the expansion of its members. Please click here for the full text of the recommendations.

From left to right: ISHIBA Shigeru, SHIMOMURA Hakubun, YAMATANI Eriko, NAKASONE Hirofumi, ENDO Toshiaki, ETO Seishiro(Chair), KISHIDA Fumio(Prime Minister)、INOGUCHI Noriko(Secretary-General), FUNADA Hajime, YAMAGUCHI Tsuyoshi、KAMIKAWA Yoko, HORII Iwao, NAKATANI Gen.


Aspiration for UN Security Council Reform: Japan Must Make a Paradigm Shift and Play a Historical Role (05/05/2023)


Professor Sukehiro Hasegawa, Executive Director for the Academic Exchange of the United Nations Association of Japan, Distinguished Professor of the Kyoto University of the Arts, and Former Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations (Timor-Leste) made a presentation of his views to senior members of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party on March 28, 2023. Please click here for more information.


Messrs. AKASHI, KITAOKA, and YOSHIKAWA lectured on the need for reforming the Security Council of the United Nations in the House of Councilors. (12/04/2023)


On April 12, 2023, in response to the request of Chairperson INOGUCHI Kuniko of the Foreign Policy and Security Research Committee meeting of the House of Councilors, Messrs. AKASHI Akashi, KITAOKA Shinichi, and YOSHIKAWA Motohide provided their views on the need for reforming the Security Council of the United Nations. Please click here for a full video recording of the meeting.